Business Loans For Small Business

Option small business loans can be a funding solution acquired through sources which differ from the traditional method of obtaining a loan - "The Bank". Small business owners opt for this kind of loan as they have limited resources of collateral and since their business is a higher risk. These factors truly complicate the process of obtaining a loan.

Business loans for small business is 1 option for funding is identical to personal loans. Because starting companies have tendency to fail in short span of time, lenders do not want to put their funds at higher risk. When the small company owner is refused by the banks for startup loans, you would generally expect other sources like close friends, households and organizations that are willing to take risks on new businesses.

It is possible to also seek out an investor that is willing to invest their cash on your new business. There are several of private investors nowadays that will overlook the risk of startups as they are interested in the possibility the new company has to succeed.

These business loans for small business resources cater to organizations which typically have been refused a small business loan by banks. Classic lenders like banks deny most businesses that call for startup capital or those with unstable economic history.

Factoring is one of the prevalent alternative resources of small business funding. When a business opts for factoring as a source of funding, it will be selling its receivables at a discount into a different company. At the same time, the company should consider purchase order financing to assist with filling orders. There are now programs available that will assist manufacturing companies to produce their product. Purchase order funders will not put cash in the hands of the new business owner, but will pay the suppliers directly and then when the finished product has been sold to the customer, the factoring company will collect the payment from the customer directly to satisfy the funds advanced to suppliers to produce the product. It would also be advisable to get a merchant account to accept credit cards.

Optional resources for startup funding also includes angel investors. An angel investor is an individual or group of people who supply funding for startups in return for a percentage in the profit of the business. Most investors organize as a group or network to combine capital. This really is an excellent way for them to decrease the loss they could face if they invest alone in a small business.

Wade Henderson
Wade Henderson is a recognized Expert in Business Finance with over 16 years Experience in the Commercial Lending Field and a strong reputation for getting the deal done. Visit his Commercial Finance Website to put his experience to work for you.

Financing Apartment Buildings

First it was the boom, then it came the bust, and now it's the bear market. Despite the massive liquidity injected by the Fed, overall the U.S. real estate has yet to experience more bearish seasons. But there is one branch of the real estate sector that appears to be exempt from the deflationary pressures of our economy. Apartment buildings are gaining popularity due to exceptional levels of high occupancy. Therefore many investors have made the decision to park their money in this kind of investment.

If you're new to multifamily investing you will most likely want to know as much as possible about the world of financing. While each transaction is unique and underwritten on a its own merits it's worth knowing that there are a few basic requirements commercial lenders use. If you're a seasoned investor you could still benefit from keeping up to date on such criteria especially if you're looking at acquiring a new property or refinancing one that you already own.

The Collateral

The underlying asset is among the first on the lender's list to review. This is the security the lender uses for taking the risk of lending you money. Therefore, the building you own or looking to buy represents the source of repayment for the commercial loan.

Believe it or not with very few exceptions lenders do not like distressed properties and REOs. These kind come with a myriad of problems such as high vacancies, management and tenants issues, title, lack of maintenance and or upgrades, local economy, and in many cases inability to service debt. As a result, hard money may be one of the very limited financing options.

For conventional transactions great emphasis is placed on the property and its condition. In case of foreclosure, the lender wants to be sure it has a marketable property. This is the reason for which the lender will typically not allow the borrower to choose the appraiser. The commercial appraisal is detailed and it utilizes three variables to derive the property value: income approach, replacement cost, and sales comparison method. The income approach carries the utmost important factor in determining the collateral approval. A building could be fancy, well-maintained, and in a great location, but if the income is not there to support the value the collateral does not pass the test.

The Cap Rate

Among other factors worth mentioning are the age and condition of the property, the vacancy rate, and the area market capitalization rate. The "Cap Rate" is a ratio used to determine a property's value based on its generated income. It's computed by taking the rental net operating income (NOI) and dividing it by the property's fair market value (FMV) or sales price. The lender will then compare the property's Cap Rate with the general area's rate for similar properties. The red flag arises when the ratio is lower than the norm, therefore a higher cap rate is certainly desirable. Conversely, a very high ratio raises another red flag. Rest assured that an underwriter would question why a property has such a high ratio. Are there any underlying issues that could potentially affect the property in the future? Remember that an underwriter has a detective's eye, he/she is looking for what could go wrong before looking at the positives.

If you're looking at buying an apartment building something tells me you'd want to first look at the Cap Rate. Often a high ratio means a better deal for you. If the area's Cap Rate is approximately 8% and the property you're looking to buy has a 5% ratio you must justify why you're buying it. What is it that compels you to pay the higher price? Remember also that the appraisal will put a heavy emphasis on the lower ratio.

Now, let's do some quick calculations as an example. We'll assume that you're trying to determine between two previewed properties. The first property has a NOI of $35,000 and an asking price of $600,000. The second property has a NOI of $15,000 and an asking price of $150,000. Which one would the Cap Rate suggest is a better investment? Obviously, the second property since the Cap Rate is 10% ($15,000 / $150,000) versus 5.8% ($35,000 / $600,000).

On the other hand, if you're the proud owner of an apartment complex and you want to figure out its estimated value, you can do this by first learning what the area Cap Rate is for your location. Let's say the area Cap Rate is 8% and your property's NOI is $42,000. You can then easily determine your value at $525,000 ($42,000 /.008).

The Cash Flow

Cash flow plays a significant role when underwriting a multifamily loan. Within the industry the cash-flow analysis is known as the Debt Coverage Ratio ( DCR). Such ratio measures the property's net income ability to cover the annual debt service. The lender will analyze the property's rent-roll - and the financials - and determine the annual income and expenses. After that it determines if the annual cash flow can service the new debt.

The DCR is calculated by dividing the property's annual NOI by the property's projected annual debt service (based on the new loan). Annual debt service includes the principal and interest payment only. Taxes, insurance, and the rest of the expenses have already been deducted when determining the NOI. Lenders are looking to see a minimum of 1.25 ratio, meaning that for every $1 of debt service the property must generate a minimum of $1.25 in net operating income. So, let's say a building's NOI is $35,000 while the annual P&I is $27,000 (or $2,250 monthly). The resulting DCR is 1.29, a ratio within the guidelines. However, a mere increase of a half percent on the rate could bring down the ratio below 1.25 thus putting the loan in jeopardy of being denied.

Borrower Strength

Most loans funding today are recourse loans. It means that lenders are not satisfied with the collateral only and you, as the borrower must provide a personal guarantee; which implies that your credit and financial strength will be scrutinized. Keep in mind that even if title to the property is vested in the name of a corporation, LLC, or some other form, lenders still require personal guarantees from their owners or members.

Underwriting trend is rather conservative so lenders expect you to prove a great credit history, sufficient apartment building experience, and a decent net worth with a generous amount of liquid funds. When it comes to the capital invested or equity owned most programs want to see the borrower's equity at twenty percent or more. Your net worth should look impressive. Fannie Mae, for instance, wants to see the borrower's net worth be at least the loan amount requested.

Finally, the apartment building is the primary source of collateral and loan repayment, therefore it carries more weight when compared with the borrower during the loan underwriting process. Still, the strength or weakness of the borrower will ultimately impact the approval or denial of the loan.

A loan package meeting these basic requirements creates the foundation for a successful loan approval. However, keep in mind it doesn't necessarily mean that a transaction that meets the criteria is automatically approved for a loan. Still, not meeting any one of the above requirements will most likely end in denial of your commercial loan request.

The Lending industry is quite chaotic and unpredictable, especially in today's economic environment. Banks will like your deal today and hate it tomorrow. Most commercial loans are originated today as Portfolio Loans. This means the lender keeps the loan in their portfolio for the entire term. So, if they find today they have too many retail centers in their portfolio, they will decide - over night and without a warning - to shift to apartment buildings.

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